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Assam (Axom) at a glance

Geographical location :

Situated between 90° and 97° Longitude East and 24° and 27° Latitude North .
It has an average elevation of 80 Mtrs above the sea level.

Climate :

Assam carries a pleasant weather throughout the year. The temperature ranges from 7° in winter to 35° during summer. The state is characterised by highly humid atmosphere and abounded rains . The regular rains of the summer generally prevent the prevalence of the hot weather . After the rainy season the cooler autumn start from October and real cold weather prevails from the end of November and continues till the middle of February . The winter season is followed by the reason of occasional thunder storms from March to May . The Temperature begins to rise from the beginning of March and in July and August it reaches the maximum. The rains in the state are mainly driven by Monsoon.

Origin of the name Axom(Asom):

The are conflicts among the historians on the name of the green state in the north-east corner of India.
Many historians believe that the name "Axom" (Asom) comes from the Assamese word "xom" that means plain, uniform. This is a land of hills, big rivers and hence known as Axom that means "Not Plain".
Some historians argue that the place is named after the rulers "Ahom". The Ahoms, orinating from thailand ruled Axom for more than 600 years till the British came.
Prominent historian Dr. Banikanta Kakoti mentioned in his history book that the word "Assam" originates from the Tai (Language spoken by AHoms originally) word "Aa-saam". The word means invincible. According converted this word to englih as Assam.

Highlights :

1. Tinsukia,
2. Dibrugarh,
3. Sibsagar,
4. Dhemaji,
5. Jorhat,
6. Lakhimpur,
7. Golaghat,
8. Sonitpur,
9. Karbi Anglong,
10. Nagaon,
11. Marigaon,
12. Darrang,
13. Kamrup,
14. Nalbari,
15. Barpeta,
16. Bongaigaon,
17. Goalpara,
18. Kokrajhar,
19. Dhubri,
20. North Cachar Hills,
21. Cachar,
22. Hailakandi,
23. Karimganj,
24. Kamrup Metropolitan,
25. Baksa,
26. Udalguri,
27. Chirang.
Population (As per 2001 census):
Total Population : 26638407
Male :13787799
Female : 12850608
Literacy rate : 64.28%
Sex Ratio per 1000 Males 932 Females
Density per sq.Km : 340